J Cancer 2018; 9(19):3620-3625. doi:10.7150/jca.26689

Research Paper

Inhibition of Phospholipase D1 mRNA Expression Slows Down the Proliferation Rate of Prostate Cancer Cells That Have Transited to Androgen Independence

Wu Zhou1, Keqing Shi2*, Lili Ji1, Ruihao Wu1, Yuehui Chen1, Hongxiang Tu1, Beibei Zhou1, Zhongyong Wang1, Meijuan Zhang1✉

1. Department of Medical Laboratory, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Zhejiang Wenzhou, 325000, China
2. Liver Disease Center, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Zhejiang Wenzhou, 325000,China
*Co-first author: Keqing Shi with the same contribution to this work.

Abstract

To explore the role of phospholipase D1 (PLD1) mRNA in transition of prostate cancer (PCa) cells to androgen independence, we used Arraystar Human LncRNA Microarray V3.0 to detect and compare the differential expression of PLD1 and its signaling pathway-related gene in standard androgen dependence prostate cancer (ADPC) cell line LNCaP before and after the occurrence of androgen independence prostate cancer (AIPC) transition. In addition, we used the shRNA lentiviral vector to inhibit the PLD1 mRNA expression and observed its effect on LNCaP cell proliferation after AIPC transition by using MTS method. The results showed that the expression level of PLD1 mRNA was increased by 373-fold after AIPC transition (P<0.05); the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway-related gene expression was also elevated (P<0.05); the growth rate of LNCaP cells that had transited to androgen independence was reduced by about 30% when the PLD1 mRNA expression was inhibited by the shRNA lentivirus as compared with the negative control group (P<0.05). All these results suggest that PLD1 mRNA and the related PI3K/AKT signaling pathway may play an important role in AIPC. Down-regulating the expression of PLD1 mRNA could to some extent inhibit the proliferation rate of PCa cells after AIPC transition.

Keywords: phospholipase D1 (PLD1), prostate cancer, androgen independence, microarray, lentivirus

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How to cite this article:
Zhou W, Shi K, Ji L, Wu R, Chen Y, Tu H, Zhou B, Wang Z, Zhang M. Inhibition of Phospholipase D1 mRNA Expression Slows Down the Proliferation Rate of Prostate Cancer Cells That Have Transited to Androgen Independence. J Cancer 2018; 9(19):3620-3625. doi:10.7150/jca.26689. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v09p3620.htm