J Cancer 2019; 10(17):3899-3907. doi:10.7150/jca.31663

Research Paper

Long-Term Survival and Prognostic Factors in Locoregionally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients Treated with TPF Induction Chemotherapy followed by Cisplatin-Combined Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy

Qun Zhang1*, Yan Wang1*, Jun-Fang Liao5*, Yu-Feng Ren1, Guo-Ping Shen1, Shao-Qing Niu1, Wei Luo2,3,4✉

1. Department of Radiotherapy, First affiliated hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China
2. Department of Radiotherapy, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China
3. State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China
4. Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China
5. Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Shenzhen Center, Shenzhen, People's Republic of China
*These authors contribute equally.

Abstract

Purpose: The objective of this study was to report long-term results of docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (TPF) induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and identify prognostic factors for this group of patients.

Materials and Methods: From December 2010 to January 2015, 109 patients with locoregionally advanced (III-IVB) NPC were included. Patients were scheduled to complete TPF induction chemotherapy followed by cisplatin based CCRT. Failure-free survival (FFS), overall survival (OS), locoregional failure-free survival (LRFFS) and distant failure-free survival (DFFS) served as clinical outcomes. Kaplan-Meier method, Cox proportional hazards model and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used for analyzing.

Results: With a median follow-up of 60.2 months (range, 7.9-91.6 months), 3-year FFS, OS, LRFFS, and DFFS were 76.8%, 85.1%, 88.3%, and 84.1%, respectively. The highest incidence rate of recurrence and metastasis were in the first year after treatment. Multivariate analyses showed that age, total time of radiation therapy (RTT), and total time of therapy (TTT) were independent prognostic factors for FFS and OS. Body mass index (BMI), RTT and TTT were significant variables predicting DFFS. TTT was the only independent prognostic factor for LRFFS.

Conclusion: This study indicated that TPF regimen produced encouraging results in Asian patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Toxicity was tolerable and reversible. However, overall treatment time is an important factor that we should take into consideration when make plans of induction chemotherapy related treatment.

Keywords: nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induction chemotherapy, concurrent chemotherapy, intensity- modulated radiotherapy

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How to cite this article:
Zhang Q, Wang Y, Liao JF, Ren YF, Shen GP, Niu SQ, Luo W. Long-Term Survival and Prognostic Factors in Locoregionally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients Treated with TPF Induction Chemotherapy followed by Cisplatin-Combined Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy. J Cancer 2019; 10(17):3899-3907. doi:10.7150/jca.31663. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v10p3899.htm