J Cancer 2017; 8(3):417-424. doi:10.7150/jca.17310

Research Paper

Pretreatment Alkaline Phosphatase and Epstein-Barr Virus DNA Predict Poor Prognosis and Response to Salvage Radiotherapy in Patients with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma and Metachronous Bone-Only Metastasis

ShaSha He1,2,3*, Yan Wang1,2,3*, Hao Peng1,2,3, Lin Yang1,2,3, HaiYang Chen4, ShaoBo Liang5, LiXia Lu1,2,3✉, Yong Chen1,2,3✉

1. Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, 651 Dongfeng Road East, Guangzhou, China;
2. State Key Laboratory of Oncology in Southern China, Guangzhou, China;
3. Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, China;
4. The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China;
5. The First Hospital of Foshan, Foshan, China.
*These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Background: The bones are the most common site of distant metastasis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Few prognostic markers are available to guide treatment and sub-classify patients with bone metastasis. We aimed to identify the prognostic value of pretreatment serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and plasma Epstein-Barr virus DNA (EBV DNA) in patients with bone-only metastasis.

Methods: A total of 272 patients who developed bone-only metastases after therapy were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were categorized according to pretreatment serum ALP (< or ≥ 110 U/L) and pretreatment plasma EBV DNA (< or ≥ 6,750 copies ml-1). Univariate and multivariate analyses of clinical variables were performed using Cox proportional hazards regression models. Overall survival (OS) was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test.

Results: Median OS for the cohort was 34.06 months (range, 2.53-143.87 months). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis verified pretreatment serum ALP and pretreatment plasma EBV DNA were independent prognostic factors for OS. In stratified survival analysis of patients with elevated pretreatment serum ALP and/or plasma EBV DNA, delivery of radiotherapy (RT) to bone metastases provided a significant OS benefit compared to other therapeutic methods (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: This study demonstrates two important points: firstly, pretreatment serum ALP and plasma EBV DNA have prognostic value at the first diagnosis of bone-only metastasis in NPC. Secondly, radiotherapy of bone metastasis improves the prognosis of patients with elevated pretreatment serum ALP and plasma EBV DNA.

Keywords: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma, bone metastasis, alkaline phosphatase, Epstein-Barr virus DNA, prognosis.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY-NC) License. See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
How to cite this article:
He S, Wang Y, Peng H, Yang L, Chen H, Liang S, Lu L, Chen Y. Pretreatment Alkaline Phosphatase and Epstein-Barr Virus DNA Predict Poor Prognosis and Response to Salvage Radiotherapy in Patients with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma and Metachronous Bone-Only Metastasis. J Cancer 2017; 8(3):417-424. doi:10.7150/jca.17310. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v08p0417.htm