J Cancer 2017; 8(3):443-454. doi:10.7150/jca.17096

Research Paper

The Role of GOLPH3L in the Prognosis and NACT response in Cervical Cancer

Yanling Feng 1*, Fan He2*, Shumei Yan 3*, He Huang1, Qidan Huang1, Ting Deng1, Huini Wu4, Bei Gao5, Jihong Liu1✉

1. Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center; State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510080, China.
2. Department of Molecular Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, Tampa, FL 33612, USA.
3. Department of Pathology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center; State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, China.
4. Department of Biology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607, United States.
5. State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.
*These authors contributed equally to this work and share first authorship.

Abstract

Background: We previously reported GOLPH3L is a novel oncogene associated with ovarian cancer. The role of GOLPH3L in cervical cancer and its cellular functions has not been determined. This study investigated clinical significance of GOLPH3L and potential proteins and pathways associated with GOLPH3L in cervical squamous cell carcinoma.

Methods: Immunohistochemistry and western blot were used to examine the expression of GOLPH3L in cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissue specimens and adjacent non-cancerous tissues. The clinical and prognostic significance of GOLPH3L expression was statistically analyzed. Cell proliferation rate, cell cycle progression, apoptosis and cisplatin response in GOLPH3L silenced SiHa and HeLa cells were also examined. Phospho-antibody array was used to identify changes in protein phosphorylation and the corresponding signaling pathways associated with these changes.

Results: GOLPH3L overexpressed in cervical cancer tissue specimens compared with normal adjacent non-cancerous tissues. Increased GOLPH3L expression was associated with FIGO staging (P=0.033), cervical stromal invasion (P=0.037), cervical canal stromal invasion (P=0.027), lymph node metastasis (P=0.016) and positive surgical margins (P=0.015). Patients with lower expression of GOLPH3L demonstrated longer progression-free survival and overall survival compared with those with higher expression. The tissue samples from patients who poorly responded to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) exhibited increased GOLPH3L expression levels compared with tissue samples from patients who achieved a pathologic complete response (pCR). Patients with lower GOLPH3L expression level, poorer tumor differentiation, shorter NACT treatment intervals and smaller tumor sizes were more likely to achieve a pCR after NACT. Knockdown GOLPH3L in cells was associated with an induction of cell cycle arrest, increased apoptosis and cisplatin sensitivity, and a reduction in cellular viability. Phospho-antibody array suggested GOLPH3L plays a role in mediating cell cycle arrest.

Conclusions: This study provides a potential biomarker for predicting prognosis and NACT response in patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma. The functional role of GOLPH3L in cervical cancer merits further investigation.

Keywords: GOLPH3L, cervical cancer, NACT, cell cycle arrest.

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How to cite this article:
Feng Y, He F, Yan S, Huang H, Huang Q, Deng T, Wu H, Gao B, Liu J. The Role of GOLPH3L in the Prognosis and NACT response in Cervical Cancer. J Cancer 2017; 8(3):443-454. doi:10.7150/jca.17096. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v08p0443.htm