J Cancer 2017; 8(4):507-512. doi:10.7150/jca.17644

Research Paper

Efficacy of Cabazitaxel Treatment in Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer in Second and Later Lines. An Experience from Two German Centers

Stefanie Zschäbitz1, Sonia Vallet1, Boris Hadaschik2, Daniel Debatin3, Stefan Fuxius3, Andreas Karcher3, Sascha Pahernik2,4, Cathleen Spath1,5, Stefan Duensing2,5, Dirk Jäger1, Markus Hohenfellner2, Carsten Grüllich1✉

1. Department of Medical Oncology, National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT), Heidelberg University Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 460, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;
2. Department of Urology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;
3. Onkologische Schwerpunktpraxis Heidelberg, Kurfürstenanlage 34, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany;
4. Department of Urology, Klinikum Nürnberg, Paracelsus Medical University, Prof.-Ernst-Nathan-Str. 1, 90419 Nürnberg, Germany;
5. Section of Molecular Urooncology, Department of Urology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

Purpose: Several new treatment options for patients with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) have been approved within the last years - among them cabazitaxel (CAB), abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, and radium-223. The aim of this study was to assess factors predictive for efficacy of CAB.

Methods: We analyzed all patients with mCRPC treated with CAB at our institutions between 2011 and 2016. Data were retrieved retrospectively from the electronical patient chart.

Results: 69 patients received CAB (26.1% 2nd line, 36.2% 3rd line, 37.3% >3rd line). Median overall survival (OS) on CAB was 10.0 months (95%CI 7.1-12.9). Median progression free survival (PFS) on CAB was 3.9 months (95%CI 3.0-4.8). There were no differences in OS and PFS regarding treatment line of CAB (2nd vs. higher; 2nd/3rd vs. higher). Duration of remission on 1st line treatment (> 6 months vs. </= 6 months) was associated with a longer PFS with subsequent CAB treatment (4.1 months vs. 3.0 months (95%CI 3.0-5.2; 2.2-3.8); p=0.021). Patients with visceral metastases had a shorter PFS (3.0 months; 95%CI 2.6-3.3) and OS (8.7 months; 95%CI 5.9-11.5) on CAB compared to patients who had bone and/or lymph node lesions only (PFS: 5.8 months; 95%CI 3.2-8.4; p=0.014; OS: 11.7 months; 95%CI 7.5-15.9; p=0.042).

Conclusions: Results from our patient cohort suggest that a longer PFS to any 1st line treatment for mCRPC is correlated with a longer PFS to CAB for any later line treatment. Patients with nodal and bone metastases only had a significantly superior PFS and OS with CAB treatment than patients with visceral metastases.

Keywords: Cabazitaxel, prostate cancer, sequencing therapy, survival, castration resistance.

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How to cite this article:
Zschäbitz S, Vallet S, Hadaschik B, Debatin D, Fuxius S, Karcher A, Pahernik S, Spath C, Duensing S, Jäger D, Hohenfellner M, Grüllich C. Efficacy of Cabazitaxel Treatment in Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer in Second and Later Lines. An Experience from Two German Centers. J Cancer 2017; 8(4):507-512. doi:10.7150/jca.17644. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v08p0507.htm