J Cancer 2018; 9(3):540-547. doi:10.7150/jca.22405

Research Paper

Identification of Kininogen 1 as a Serum Protein Marker of Colorectal Adenoma in Patients with a Family History of Colorectal Cancer

Jiekai Yu1*, Yanqin Huang1*, Chen Lin1, Xiaofen Li1, Xuefeng Fang2, Chenhan Zhong1, Ying Yuan2✉, Shu Zheng1,3

1. Cancer Institute (Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Intervention, China National Ministry of Education), the Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
2. Department of Medical Oncology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.
3. Research Center for Air Pollution and Health, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

The serum protein markers of colorectal adenoma in patients with a family history of colorectal cancer have been rarely reported. Serum samples from colorectal adenoma patients with or without a family history of colorectal cancer and healthy controls were profiled using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The model to distinguish colorectal adenoma patients with a family history of colorectal cancer from atypical hereditary colorectal families (CRA-H) and sporadic colorectal adenoma patients without a family history of colorectal cancer (CRA-S) was established with 85.0% accuracy. The model distinguishing CRA-H from healthy individuals was established with 90.0% specificity and 86.7% sensitivity. Additionally, five peaks (2202, 5821, 3260, 2480, and 2218) showing differential expression in advanced colorectal adenoma patients with a family history of colorectal cancer were selected. The protein Kininogen 1 (KNG1) was identified in colorectal adenoma patients and validated using Western Blotting. KNG1 may be a biomarker for colorectal adenoma patients with a family history of colorectal cancer.

Keywords: Colorectal adenoma, Family history of CRC, Proteomics

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How to cite this article:
Yu J, Huang Y, Lin C, Li X, Fang X, Zhong C, Yuan Y, Zheng S. Identification of Kininogen 1 as a Serum Protein Marker of Colorectal Adenoma in Patients with a Family History of Colorectal Cancer. J Cancer 2018; 9(3):540-547. doi:10.7150/jca.22405. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v09p0540.htm