J Cancer 2018; 9(9):1592-1597. doi:10.7150/jca.24326

Research Paper

LMO1 super-enhancer polymorphism rs2168101 G>T correlates with decreased neuroblastoma risk in Chinese children

Jing He1,#,✉, Xiaohong Zhang2,#, Jiao Zhang3,#, Ruizhong Zhang1, Tianyou Yang1, Jinhong Zhu4, Huimin Xia1, Yan Zou1,✉

1. Department of Pediatric Surgery, Guangzhou Institute of Pediatrics, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510623, Guangdong, China
2. Department of Hematology/Oncology, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510623, Guangdong, China
3. Department of Pediatric Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan, China
4. Molecular Epidemiology Laboratory and Department of Laboratory Medicine, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin 150040, Heilongjiang, China
# These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Neuroblastoma is one of the most frequently occurring childhood cancers. The rs2168101 G>T polymorphism observed in the LMO1 gene is located at a conserved GATA transcription factor binding motif. This polymorphism was reported to be significantly associated with neuroblastoma susceptibility. However, whether this and other functional polymorphisms can affect neuroblastoma risk of Chinese children remains unknown. We conducted a two-center hospital-based case-control study with a total of 374 cases and 812 controls to assess the role of five LMO1 gene polymorphisms in the neuroblastoma risk. We confirmed that rs2168101 G>T was significantly associated with decreased neuroblastoma risk for both northern and southern Chinese children and the combined subjects [GT vs. GG: adjusted odds ratio (OR)=0.57, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.44-0.74, P<0.0001; TT vs. GG: adjusted OR=0.29, 95% CI=0.15-0.56, P=0.0002; GT/TT vs. GG: adjusted OR=0.53, 95% CI=0.41-0.68, P<0.0001; and TT vs. GT/GG: adjusted OR=0.36, 95% CI=0.19-0.69, P=0.002] after adjustment for age and gender. This association was further confirmed by performing a stratifying analysis and a false-positive report probability analysis. Similar results were observed for the rs3750952 G>C polymorphism. In summary, the current study confirmed that the potentially functional LMO1 rs2168101 G>T and rs3750952 G>C polymorphisms were associated with neuroblastoma susceptibility. This research requires further validation with larger sample sizes and inclusion of different ethnicities.

Keywords: LMO1, polymorphism, neuroblastoma, risk, genetic susceptibility

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How to cite this article:
He J, Zhang X, Zhang J, Zhang R, Yang T, Zhu J, Xia H, Zou Y. LMO1 super-enhancer polymorphism rs2168101 G>T correlates with decreased neuroblastoma risk in Chinese children. J Cancer 2018; 9(9):1592-1597. doi:10.7150/jca.24326. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v09p1592.htm