J Cancer 2019; 10(3):602-610. doi:10.7150/jca.28842

Research Paper

The survival benefit of palliative gastrectomy and/or metastasectomy in gastric cancer patients with synchronous metastasis: a population-based study using propensity score matching and coarsened exact matching

Lu-Ping Yang*, Zi-Xian Wang*, Ming-Ming He*, Ying Jin, Chao Ren, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Feng-Hua Wang, Yu-Hong Li, Feng Wang, Rui-Hua Xu

Department of Medical Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, China
* These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Introduction: Palliative surgeries were controversial for asymptomatic metastatic gastric cancer (mGC) patients. This study was aimed to evaluate survival benefit of palliative surgeries to gastric and/or metastatic tumors in mGC patients based on U.S population.

Materials and Methods: A total of 8345 gastric cancer patients diagnosed with synchronous distal metastasis between 2004 to 2013 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) database were divided into four groups according to surgery strategies: surgeries to both primary and metastatic tumors (SPM), gastrectomy only (GO), metastasectomy only (MO) and no surgery performed (NS). Their clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival (OS) were analyzed before and after propensity score matching (PSM) and coarsened exact matching (CEM).

Results: The median OS of SPM and GO patients was both significantly higher than NS patients (11 months vs. 8 months vs. 5 months; P<0.001, respectively) while that of MO was not (6 months vs. 5 months; P= 0.286). In comparisons between surgery strategies, survival benefit was similar between SPM and GO groups (P=0.389) and both showed significantly better survival than MO patients (P<0.001). All surgery strategies were proved to be favorable prognostic factors over non-surgical treatment (Hazard ratio (HR) for SPM: 0.60, P<0.001; HR for GO: 0.62, P<0.001; HR for MO: 0.91, P=0.046). Similar results were obtained after matching by PSM and CEM except that prognostic impact of MO deteriorated.

Conclusions: Gastrectomy plus metastasectomy or gastrectomy alone could be adopted as a choice of improving survival in the U.S population. Metastasectomy alone is not generally recommended.

Keywords: gastric cancer, gastrectomy, metastasectomy, survival, matching

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How to cite this article:
Yang LP, Wang ZX, He MM, Jin Y, Ren C, Wang ZQ, Wang FH, Li YH, Wang F, Xu RH. The survival benefit of palliative gastrectomy and/or metastasectomy in gastric cancer patients with synchronous metastasis: a population-based study using propensity score matching and coarsened exact matching. J Cancer 2019; 10(3):602-610. doi:10.7150/jca.28842. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v10p0602.htm