J Cancer 2019; 10(9):2083-2090. doi:10.7150/jca.28959

Research Paper

Cisplatin based induction chemotherapy modified by ERCC1 improved the outcome of young adults with locally advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma

Yin Gong2*, Houyu Ju1*, Guoxin Ren1✉, Yunteng Wu1

1. Dept. of Oral & Maxillofacial -head and neck Oncology, Ninth People's Hospital, College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine; National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology & Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology, Shanghai 200011, China.
2. Dept. of of stomatology, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215000, China.
*Drs Gong and Ju contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of induction chemotherapy in young adults with locally advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and the usefulness of ERCC1 as a prognostic indicator.

Methods: A total of 156 young adults with locally advanced OSCC were retrospectively analyzed from May 2007 to May 2017. Cisplatin based induction chemotherapy followed by surgery and upfront surgery were the primary treatment options for locally advanced OSCC. ERCC1 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify significant prognostic factors for the overall survival (OS) in young adults with locally advanced OSCC.

Results: Extracapsular spread (ECS) (p<0.0001) and UICC staging (p<0.0001) were critical prognostic factors for OS in young adults with locally advanced OSCC. The 5-year OS was 83.2% in N0 patients received induction chemotherapy and 61.7% in N0 patients received upfront surgery (p<0.05). Patients with a low ERCC1 expression were more likely to benefit from induction chemotherapy, as the 5-year OS was 22.4% in patients with a high ERCC1 expression and 84.7% in patients with a low ERCC1 expression, respectively (p<0.0001). However, induction chemotherapy resulted in a higher 5-year OS (84.7%) than upfront surgery (59.1%) in patients with a low ERCC1 expression (p=0.03).

Conclusions: Induction chemotherapy can improve the outcome of N0 patients. However, the ERCC1 expression should be determined in young patients with locally advanced OSCC prior to induction chemotherapy, as it is a useful biomarker for predicting the outcome after induction chemotherapy.

Keywords: young adult, oral cancer, ERCC1, induction chemotherapy

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How to cite this article:
Gong Y, Ju H, Ren G, Wu Y. Cisplatin based induction chemotherapy modified by ERCC1 improved the outcome of young adults with locally advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma. J Cancer 2019; 10(9):2083-2090. doi:10.7150/jca.28959. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v10p2083.htm