J Cancer 2019; 10(10):2185-2193. doi:10.7150/jca.30222

Review

Herpesvirus acts with the cytoskeleton and promotes cancer progression

Yingfen Wu1,2,3, Fang Wei2, Le Tang2, Qianjin Liao2,4, Hui Wang4, Lei Shi2, Zhaojian Gong2, Wenling Zhang2, Ming Zhou1,2,3, Bo Xiang1,2,3, Xu Wu1,2,3, Xiaoling Li1,2,3, Yong Li2,5, Guiyuan Li1,2,3, Wei Xiong1,2,3, Zhaoyang Zeng1,2,3, Fang Xiong1,2✉, Can Guo1,2,3✉

1. NHC Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
2. The Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Cancer Invasion of the Chinese Ministry of Education, Cancer Research Institute, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
3. Hunan Key Laboratory of Nonresolving Inflammation and Cancer, Disease Genome Research Center, the Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
4. Hunan Key Laboratory of Translational Radiation Oncology, Hunan Cancer Hospital and the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.
5. Department of Cancer Biology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Abstract

The cytoskeleton is a complex fibrous reticular structure composed of microfilaments, microtubules and intermediate filaments. These components coordinate morphology support and intracellular transport that is involved in a variety of cell activities, such as cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. In addition, the cytoskeleton also plays an important role in viral infection. During an infection by a Herpesvirus, the virus utilizes microfilaments to enter cells and travel to the nucleus by microtubules; the viral DNA replicates with the help of host microfilaments; and the virus particles start assembling with a capsid in the cytoplasm before egress. The cytoskeleton changes in cells infected with Herpesvirus are made to either counteract or obey the virus, thereby promote cell transforming into cancerous ones. This article aims to clarify the interaction between the virus and cytoskeleton components in the process of Herpesvirus infection and the molecular motor, cytoskeleton-associated proteins and drugs that play an important role in the process of a Herpesvirus infection and carcinogenesis process.

Keywords: Herpesvirus, cytoskeleton, drugs, infection, cancer

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How to cite this article:
Wu Y, Wei F, Tang L, Liao Q, Wang H, Shi L, Gong Z, Zhang W, Zhou M, Xiang B, Wu X, Li X, Li Y, Li G, Xiong W, Zeng Z, Xiong F, Guo C. Herpesvirus acts with the cytoskeleton and promotes cancer progression. J Cancer 2019; 10(10):2185-2193. doi:10.7150/jca.30222. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v10p2185.htm