J Cancer 2019; 10(18):4357-4367. doi:10.7150/jca.31543

Research Paper

Prognostic Significance of PSMD1 Expression in Patients with Gastric Cancer

Wenjun Xiong1,2*, Wei Wang2*, Haipeng Huang2, Yuming Jiang1, Weihong Guo1, Hao Liu1, Jiang Yu1, Yanfeng Hu1, Jin Wan2#✉, Guoxin Li1#✉

1. Department of General Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Guangzhou, China
2. Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China
* Wenjun Xiong and Wei Wang contributed equally to this work and should be both considered as co-first authors.
# Guoxin Li and Jin Wan contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Background: PSMD1 has been considered to be involved in many human cancers, but its prognostic significance in gastric cancer (GC) has not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of PSMD1 expression in tumor tissues of GC patients.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the expression of PSMD1 in 241 paraffin-embedded GC specimens of the training cohort by immunohistochemistry. The prognostic value of PSMD1 expression was assessed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves and multivariate COX regression models. PSMD1 expression and other GC-associated risk factors were used to generate two nomograms to evaluate prognosis, and the performance of the two nomograms was assessed with respect to its calibration, discrimination, and clinical usefulness. Further validation was performed using an independent cohort of 170 cases.

Results: High PSMD1 expression was significantly associated with decreased disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in GC patients. Furthermore, multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis demonstrated that PSMD1 was an independent prognostic factor for DFS and OS. The two nomograms that were developed by integrating PSMD1 expression and the TNM staging system showed better prediction of DFS and OS than TNM staging system alone(C-index for training cohort: 0.708 (95% CI:0.670-0.746) and 0.712 (0.671-0.752), respectively; C-index for validation cohort: 0.704 (0.651-0.757) and 0.711 (0.656-0.767), respectively). Decision curve analysis demonstrated that the nomograms showed potential for clinical use.

Conclusion: Intratumoral PSMD1 expression is a novel independent predictor of DFS and OS in GC patients. In the future, large-scale prospective studies will be necessary to confirm our findings regarding its potential prognostic and therapeutic value for GC patients.

Keywords: PSMD1, prognostic significance, gastric cancer

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How to cite this article:
Xiong W, Wang W, Huang H, Jiang Y, Guo W, Liu H, Yu J, Hu Y, Wan J, Li G. Prognostic Significance of PSMD1 Expression in Patients with Gastric Cancer. J Cancer 2019; 10(18):4357-4367. doi:10.7150/jca.31543. Available from http://www.jcancer.org/v10p4357.htm