J Cancer 2022; 13(9):2798-2809. doi:10.7150/jca.72066 This issue
1. Department of Thoracic Surgery II, Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Beijing, China
2. Department of Anesthesiology, Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Beijing, China
3. Department of Laboratory Animals, Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Beijing, China
* Chenyue Dai and Zeming Ma contributed equally to this work.
Purposes: Osimertinib is a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) used for patients with gefitinib (first-generation EGFR-TKI) resistance, but osimertinib resistance inevitably occurs. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the mechanisms of osimertinib resistance.
Materials and Methods: We performed quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to detect hsa_circ_0007312 (circ7312), miR-764, and MAPK1 expressions in tissues and cells. Western blotting was used to detect protein levels in cells. Cell Counting Kit-8, apoptotic, and Transwell assays were used to explore biological functions. Luciferase assays were used to identify the interactions between circ7312 and miR-764, MAPK1 and miR-764. A xenograft experiment was performed to clarify the role of circ7312 in vivo. Public datasets were used to identify the relation between circ7312 expression and the cell half maximal inhibitory concentration value of osimertinib in 41 lung adenocarcinoma cell lines. The Student t-test, Kaplan-Meier analysis, and Pearson correlation analysis were used in data analysis.
Results: We found that circ7312 knockdown increased miR-764 expression and decreased MAPK1 expression, and circ7312 regulated MAPK1 by sponging miR-764. In addition, high circ7312 expression has significant positive correlation with osimertinib IC50 values, circ7312 knockdown decreased the cell half maximal inhibitory concentration value of osimertinib and increased pyroptosis and apoptosis by sponging the miR-764/MAPK1 axis. We also found that circ7312 and MAPK1 were highly expressed in tumor tissues and related to poor prognosis. Xenograft experiments revealed that circ7312 knockdown decreased osimertinib resistance in vivo.
Conclusion: We demonstrated that the inhibition of circ7312 decreased osimertinib resistance by promoting pyroptosis and apoptosis via the miR-764/MAPK1 axis, providing a novel target for osimertinib resistance therapy.
Keywords: lung adenocarcinoma, epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, circular RNA, pyroptosis