Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China
* These two authors contributed equally to this work
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are increasingly recognized as being involved in pancreatic cancer progression by directly regulating the expression of their targets. In this study, we showed that miR-216b-5p expression was significantly decreased in pancreatic cancer tissues and cell lines. In addition, low miR-216b-5p expression was significantly associated with large tumor size and advanced TNM stage. Meanwhile, both Kaplan-Meier and multivariate survival analysis showed that decreased miR-216b-5p expression was associated with overall survival. miR-216b-5p over-expression repressed pancreatic cancer cell proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest and cell apoptosis in vitro and inhibited tumorigenesis in vivo. The translationally controlled tumor protein (TPT1) was identified as a novel direct target of miR-216b-5p. miR-216b-5p up-regulation suppressed TPT1 expression. Moreover, TPT1 mRNA expression levels were increased in pancreatic cancer tissues, and were inversely correlated with miR-216b-5p expression. TPT1 down-regulation had similar effects as miR-216b-5p up-regulation on pancreatic cancer cell progression. The restoration of TPT1 reversed the effect of miR-216b-5p on pancreatic cancer cell progression. Furthermore, we found that miR-216b-5p up-regulation suppressed Pim-3, Cyclin B1, p-Bad and Bcl-xL protein expression. However, the effect of miR-216b-5p up-regulation was partly reversed by TPT1 up-regulation in vitro. Taken together, our findings suggested that miR-216b-5p functions as a potential tumor suppressor by regulating TPT1 in pancreatic cancer cells, and it may represent a potential therapeutic target for patients with pancreatic cancer.
Keywords: miR-216b-5p, TPT1, pancreatic cancer, cell cycle.