J Cancer 2018; 9(3):528-534. doi:10.7150/jca.22378 This issue
1. Department of Oncology, Panyu Central Hospital, Guangzhou, China,
2. Cancer Institute of Panyu, Guangzhou, China
3. School of Nursing, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
* These authors contribute equally to this work.
Purpose The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of weight loss at presentation on treatment outcomes of first-line EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) in EGFR-TKI sensitive mutant NSCLC patients.
Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical outcomes of 75 consecutive advanced NSCLC patients with EGFR-TKI sensitive mutations (exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R) received first-line gefitinib or erlotinib therapy according to weight loss status at presentation in our single center.
Results Of 75 EGFR-TKI sensitive mutant NSCLC patients, 49 (65.3%) patients had no weight loss and 26 (34.7%) had weight loss at presentation, the objective response rate (ORR) to EGFR-TKI treatment were similar between the two groups (79.6% vs. 76.9%, p = 0.533). Patients without weight loss at presentation had significantly longer median progression free survival (PFS) (12.4 months vs. 7.6 months; hazard ratio [HR] 0.356, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.212-0.596, p < 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (28.5 months vs. 20.7 months; HR 0.408, 95% CI 0.215-0.776, p = 0.006) than those with weight loss at presentation; moreover, the stratified analysis by EGFR-TKI sensitive mutation types also found similar trend between these two groups except for OS in EGFR exon 21 L858R mutation patients. Multivariate analysis identified weight loss at presentation and EGFR-TKI sensitive mutation types were independent predictive factors for PFS and OS.
Conclusions Weight loss at presentation had a detrimental impact on PFS and OS in EGFR-TKI sensitive mutant advanced NSCLC patients treated with first-line EGFR-TKI. It should be considered as an important factor in the treatment decision or designing of EGFR-TKI clinical trials.
Keywords: Weight loss, EGFR mutation, EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors, non-small cell lung cancer