J Cancer 2018; 9(9):1607-1613. doi:10.7150/jca.24217 This issue
1. Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
2. Department of Laboratory Medicine, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
* Authors contributed equally
The study aimed to identify the risk factors and frequency of hepatotoxicity in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma. Liver function tests were documented in 2108 patients with advanced (IIIB/IV) lung adenocarcinoma at a single institution who received first line platinum-based doublet chemotherapy. Hepatotoxicity was graded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 4.0. Risk factors for hepatotoxicity were assessed using logistic regression analysis. Differences in hepatotoxicity between pemetrexed and non-pemetrexed regimens were evaluated after propensity score matching. After accounting for hepatic dysfunction during the first-line treatment, 892 patients receiving beyond first-line treatment were included in the subsequent analyses. Hepatotoxicity in beyond first-line treatment was compared between patients having epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) and chemotherapy alone. In the first-line analysis, 316 (15.0%) patients developed liver dysfunction. Younger age (Odds Ratio [OR] 2.398, 95% Confidence Interval [95% CI] 1.755-3.275), pretreatment liver impairment (OR 2.285, 95% CI 1.622-3.220), and pemetrexed-contained chemotherapy (OR 1.835, 95% CI 1.408-2.393) were risk factors of hepatotoxicity (all P<0.001). Significant differences were observed for patients with all grades of hepatotoxicity while no differences were found concerning grade ¾ hepatotoxicity between 844 pemetrexed and 844 non-pemetrexed regimen matched cases (P<0.0001 and P=0.4220, respectively). After first-line treatment, the presence of hepatitis virus (OR 2.905, 95% CI 1.487-5.675; P=0.002) and TKI therapy (OR 2.621, 95% CI 1.809-3.798; P<0.001) were additionally associated with increased hepatotoxicity. Patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma with younger age, pretreatment liver injury, and presence of hepatitis virus were at high risk for hepatotoxicity following chemotherapy. Pemetrexed-contained chemotherapy and TKIs should be used cautiously in patients who are susceptible to liver damage.
Keywords: non-small-cell lung cancer, hepatotoxicity, chemotherapy, pemetrexed, tyrosine kinase inhibitor