J Cancer 2018; 9(15):2713-2722. doi:10.7150/jca.26207 This issue

Research Paper

Long noncoding RNA SNHG1 promotes cell proliferation through PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

Yalu Zhang1, Rundong Zhang1, Guopei Luo2, Kaixing Ai3✉

1. Department of General Surgery, Tongji hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200065, China.
2. Department of Pancreas and Hepatobiliary Surgery, Pancreas Cancer Institute, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.
3. Department of General Surgery, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200433, China.

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Zhang Y, Zhang R, Luo G, Ai K. Long noncoding RNA SNHG1 promotes cell proliferation through PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. J Cancer 2018; 9(15):2713-2722. doi:10.7150/jca.26207. Available from https://www.jcancer.org/v09p2713.htm

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Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains one of the most common causes of cancer-related death. Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as significant regulators in numerous cancers, including PDAC. LncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) has been reported in the development of several tumors, but the biological roles of it in PDAC remain to be illuminated. This study aims to investigate the function of lncRNA SNHG1, revealing its molecular mechanism and clinical significance in PDAC. Herein, we found that SNHG1 was highly expressed in PDAC tissues in comparison with adjacent noncancerous tissues, being closely related to tumor size and TNM stage. Functionally, silencing of SNHG1 could significantly inhibit cell proliferation, promote cell apoptosis, as well as alter cell cycle progression, whereas the contrary results could be presented in the overexpression of SNHG1. In addition, in vivo xenograft experiment also further confirmed the above results. Finally, an activator (740Y-P) and inhibitor (LY294002) of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway were used in the western blot assays and the following rescue experiments, demonstrating that SNHG1 facilitates cell proliferation and tumorigenicity partly via the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in PDAC. Hence, SNHG1 may be a prospective therapeutic target.

Keywords: long noncoding RNA SNHG1, cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma