1. Department of Pharmacy, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou 510080, Guangdong, China
2. Department of Pharmacy, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong, China
3. Laboratory Animal Management Office, Public Service Platform for Science and Technology, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work.
Emerging epidemiological researches have been performed to assess the association of ESR1 PvuII (rs2234693 T>C) polymorphism with the risk of cancer, yet with conflicting conclusions. Therefore, this updated meta-analysis was performed to make a more accurate evaluation of such relationship. We adopted EMBASE, PubMed, CNKI, and WANFANG database to search relevant literature before January 2018. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were employed to estimate the relationship strengths. In final, 80 studies (69 publications) involving 26428 cases and 43381 controls were enrolled. Our results failed to provide significant association between overall cancer risk and PvuII polymorphism under homozygous (TT vs. CC) and heterozygous (TT vs. CT) models. Statistically significant relationship was only observed for PvuII polymorphism in allele model T vs. C (OR=0.95, 95% CI=0.91-0.99). Stratification analysis by cancer type suggested that T genotype significantly decreased prostate cancer risk (TT vs. CC: OR=0.79, 95% CI=0.66-0.94; T vs. C: OR=0.89, 95% CI=0.82-0.98), Leiomyoma risk (T vs. C: OR=0.82, 95% CI=0.68-0.98), and HCC risk (TT vs. CC: OR=0.45, 95% CI=0.28-0.71; T vs. C: OR=0.67, 95% CI=0.47-0.95). Furthermore, significantly decreased risk was also found for Africans, population-based and hospital-based studies in the stratified analyses. These results suggest that ESR1 PvuII (rs2234693 T>C) polymorphism may only have little impact on cancer susceptibility. In the future, large-scale epidemical studies are warranted to verify these results.
Keywords: meta-analysis, ESR1, PvuII, polymorphism, cancer risk