J Cancer 2018; 9(23):4413-4421. doi:10.7150/jca.27342 This issue
1. Department of Histology and Embryology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland
2. Department of Nursing, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland
3. Department of Obstetrics and Women's Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland
*These authors have contributed equally
Background: Low effectiveness of chemotherapy in ovarian cancer results from development of drug resistance during treatment. Topotecan (TOP) is a chemotherapeutic drug used in second-line chemotherapy of this cancer. Unfortunately, during treatment cancer can develop diverse cellular and tissue specific mechanisms of resistance to cytotoxic drugs.
Methods: We analyzed development of TOP resistance in ovarian cancer cell lines (A2780 and W1). On the base of our previous results where a set of “new genes” with different functions that can be related to TOP-resistance was described hereby we performed detailed analysis of MYOT expression. MYOT mRNA level (real time PCR analysis), protein expression in cell lysates and cell culture medium (western blot analysis) and protein expression in cancer cells (immunofluorescence analysis) were determined in this study.
Results: We observed increased expression of MYOT in TOP resistant cell lines at both mRNA and protein level. MYOT, together with extracellular matrix molecules like COL1A2 and COL15A1 were also secreted to corresponding cell culture media.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that upregulation of MYOT can be related to TOP resistance in ovarian cancer cell lines.
Keywords: myotilin, ovarian cancer, topotecan resistance