J Cancer 2018; 9(23):4496-4502. doi:10.7150/jca.26769 This issue
Laboratory of Molecular Neurooncology, Neuroscience Institute, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu str. 4, Kaunas, LT 50009, Lithuania.
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is an intermediate filament that provides mechanical support to astrocytes. Rs2070935 is a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the promoter region of the GFAP gene. The aim of this pilot study is to investigate GFAP expression at mRNA, protein levels and rs2070935 polymorphism in 50 different grade human astrocytoma samples. GFAP expression at mRNA level was measured using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) with SYBR Green dye, whereas the translational activity of the following gene was detected using western blot assay. Furthermore, genotypes of rs2070935 were identified using qPCR with TaqMan probes. As a result, GFAP mRNA and protein expression was found to be declining with increasing astrocytoma grade (p < 0.05). A tendency was observed between increased GFAP mRNA expression and shorter grade IV astrocytoma patient survival (p = 0.2117). The rs2070935 CC genotype was found to be associated with increased GFAP translational activity in grade II astrocytoma (p = 0.0238). Possible links between rs2070935 genotypes and alternative splicing of GFAP were also observed. The rs2070935 AA genotype was found to be associated with poor clinical outcome for grade IV astrocytoma patients (p = 0.0007), although the following data should be checked in a larger sample size of astrocytoma patients.
Keywords: GFAP, rs2070935, glioblastoma