J Cancer 2020; 11(19):5852-5860. doi:10.7150/jca.49815 This issue

Research Paper

Value of Sarcopenia defined by the new EWGSOP2 consensus for the prediction of Postoperative Complications and Long-term Survival after Radical Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer: A comparison with four common nutritional screening tools

Dong-Dong Huang1*, Hui-Yang Cai1*, Xi-Yi Chen2, Wen-Xi Dong1, Drugyel Wangchuk1, Jing-Yi Yan1, Xiao-Lei Chen1✉, Qian-Tong Dong1✉

1. Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.
2. Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.
*These authors contributed equally to this study.

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Citation:
Huang DD, Cai HY, Chen XY, Dong WX, Wangchuk D, Yan JY, Chen XL, Dong QT. Value of Sarcopenia defined by the new EWGSOP2 consensus for the prediction of Postoperative Complications and Long-term Survival after Radical Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer: A comparison with four common nutritional screening tools. J Cancer 2020; 11(19):5852-5860. doi:10.7150/jca.49815. Available from https://www.jcancer.org/v11p5852.htm

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Abstract

Background: Nutritional risk and sarcopenia are both associated with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality following elective surgery. This study aimed to investigate whether sarcopenia has additional predictive value for postoperative complications and long-term survival besides nutritional screening tools.

Methods: Clinical data of patients underwent radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer was prospectively collected. Sarcopenia was diagnosed by grip strength plus muscle quanlity/quality based on preoperative abdominal CT scans. Nutritional screening was performed using 4 common nutritional screening tools, including Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS)-2002, Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), and Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ).

Results: A total of 880 patients were analyzed, in which 167 (18.98%) were diagnosed with sarcopenia. The incidence of nutritional risk identified by the 4 tools were 44.66% (MUST ≥1), 35.23% (NRS-2002 ≥3), 29.89% (MST ≥2), and 20.34% (SNAQ ≥2). Multivariate analyses showed that nutritional risk identified by the 4 nutritional screening tools were not independently associated with postoperative complications, overall survival (OS) or disease-free survival (DFS), except for NRS-2002 ≥3 as an independent risk factor of OS. Sarcopenia was always an independent risk factor for postoperative complications, OS, and DFS after adjusting for nutritional risk and the other covariates in the multivariate analyses.

Conclusions: MUST, NRS-2002, MST, and SNAQ had low predictive power for postoperative complications and long-term survival in patients underwent radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Sarcopenia had additional predictive value for postoperative complications and long-term survival besides these nutritional screening tools and should be implemented in the preoperative assessments.

Keywords: Sarcopenia, Malnutrition, Gastrectomy, Postoperative complication, Survival