J Cancer 2021; 12(19):5960-5966. doi:10.7150/jca.58154 This issue Cite

Research Paper

Clinical impact of postoperative interval until adjuvant chemotherapy following curative gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer

Yusuke Takashima*, Shuhei Komatsu✉*, Keiji Nishibeppu, Jun Kiuchi, Takuma Ohashi, Hiroki Shimizu, Tomohiro Arita, Yusuke Yamamoto, Hirotaka Konishi, Ryo Morimura, Atsushi Shiozaki, Yoshiaki Kuriu, Hisashi Ikoma, Takeshi Kubota, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Kazuma Okamoto, Eigo Otsuji

Division of Digestive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, 465 Kajii-cho, Kawaramachihirokoji, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan.
*These two authors contributed equally to this work.

Citation:
Takashima Y, Komatsu S, Nishibeppu K, Kiuchi J, Ohashi T, Shimizu H, Arita T, Yamamoto Y, Konishi H, Morimura R, Shiozaki A, Kuriu Y, Ikoma H, Kubota T, Fujiwara H, Okamoto K, Otsuji E. Clinical impact of postoperative interval until adjuvant chemotherapy following curative gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer. J Cancer 2021; 12(19):5960-5966. doi:10.7150/jca.58154. https://www.jcancer.org/v12p5960.htm
Other styles

File import instruction

Abstract

Graphic abstract

Background: Adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) following curative gastrectomy for stage II/III gastric cancer (GC) is recommended in Japan. However, for various reasons, patients cannot always start AC at the appropriate time. This study was designed to investigate the effect of the postoperative interval until adjuvant chemotherapy (PIAC) and cumulative S-1 dose on prognosis.

Methods: Between 2008 and 2014, consecutive 81 GC patients who underwent postoperative S-1 monotherapy were enrolled in this study.

Results: Postoperative complications of Clavien-Dindo grade II or higher and postoperative peak C-reactive protein of 8.1 mg/dl or higher were significantly associated with delayed AC. The cut-off value of PIAC selected to most effectively stratify prognosis was 7 weeks. For relapse-free survival (RFS), patients with PIAC ≥ 7 weeks had an insignificantly poorer prognosis than those with PIAC < 7 weeks. A multivariate analysis showed that PIAC ≥ 7 weeks [p = 0.024; hazard ratio (HR) 2.45] and the cumulative S-1 dose/body surface area (BSA) ≥ 12,000 mg/m2 [p = 0.004; HR 3.27] were independent prognostic factors. In patients with the cumulative S-1 dose/BSA ≥ 12,000 mg/m2, there were no prognostic differences between patients with and without PIAC ≥ 7 weeks.

Conclusions: Seven weeks after surgery could be a limit indicator starting AC. A cumulative S-1 dose/BSA of more than 12,000 mg/m2 might be a key dose for diminishing the poor prognostic effects of delaying AC.

Keywords: adjuvant chemotherapy, S-1, early initiation, cumulative dose, gastric cancer


Citation styles

APA
Takashima, Y., Komatsu, S., Nishibeppu, K., Kiuchi, J., Ohashi, T., Shimizu, H., Arita, T., Yamamoto, Y., Konishi, H., Morimura, R., Shiozaki, A., Kuriu, Y., Ikoma, H., Kubota, T., Fujiwara, H., Okamoto, K., Otsuji, E. (2021). Clinical impact of postoperative interval until adjuvant chemotherapy following curative gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer. Journal of Cancer, 12(19), 5960-5966. https://doi.org/10.7150/jca.58154.

ACS
Takashima, Y.; Komatsu, S.; Nishibeppu, K.; Kiuchi, J.; Ohashi, T.; Shimizu, H.; Arita, T.; Yamamoto, Y.; Konishi, H.; Morimura, R.; Shiozaki, A.; Kuriu, Y.; Ikoma, H.; Kubota, T.; Fujiwara, H.; Okamoto, K.; Otsuji, E. Clinical impact of postoperative interval until adjuvant chemotherapy following curative gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer. J. Cancer 2021, 12 (19), 5960-5966. DOI: 10.7150/jca.58154.

NLM
Takashima Y, Komatsu S, Nishibeppu K, Kiuchi J, Ohashi T, Shimizu H, Arita T, Yamamoto Y, Konishi H, Morimura R, Shiozaki A, Kuriu Y, Ikoma H, Kubota T, Fujiwara H, Okamoto K, Otsuji E. Clinical impact of postoperative interval until adjuvant chemotherapy following curative gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer. J Cancer 2021; 12(19):5960-5966. doi:10.7150/jca.58154. https://www.jcancer.org/v12p5960.htm

CSE
Takashima Y, Komatsu S, Nishibeppu K, Kiuchi J, Ohashi T, Shimizu H, Arita T, Yamamoto Y, Konishi H, Morimura R, Shiozaki A, Kuriu Y, Ikoma H, Kubota T, Fujiwara H, Okamoto K, Otsuji E. 2021. Clinical impact of postoperative interval until adjuvant chemotherapy following curative gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer. J Cancer. 12(19):5960-5966.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.