J Cancer 2023; 14(3):350-359. doi:10.7150/jca.80725 This issue Cite
1. Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.
2. Department of Pathogen Biology, College of Basic Medical Sciences of Naval Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.
3. Department of Pathology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.
#These authors contributed equally to this work.
Patients with gastric cancer liver metastasis (GCLM) are often treated with palliative care, and they show a poor prognosis. In gastric cancer, high CD47 expression has been shown to indicate a poor prognosis. CD47, expressed on the cell surface, prevents the cells from being phagocytosed by macrophages. Anti-CD47 antibodies have been shown to be effective in the treatment of metastatic leiomyosarcoma. Nonetheless, the role of CD47 in GCLM has not yet been elucidated. Here, we showed that CD47 expression in GCLM tissues was higher than that in situ. Moreover, we demonstrated that high CD47 expression correlated with an adverse prognosis. Accordingly, we investigated the role of CD47 in the development of GCLM in mouse liver. Knockdown of CD47 inhibited GCLM development. Furthermore, in vitro engulfment assays showed that decreased CD47 expression led to an increased phagocytic activity of Kupffer cells (KCs). Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we determined that CD47 knockdown promoted cytokine secretion by macrophages. Furthermore, we found that tumor-derived exosomes decreased KC-mediated phagocytosis of gastric cancer cells. Finally, in a heterotopic xenograft model, the administration of anti-CD47 antibodies inhibited tumor growth. In addition, as 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu)-based chemotherapy is the cornerstone in GCLM treatment, we administered a combination of anti-CD47 antibodies and 5-Fu, which acted synergistically to suppress the tumor. Overall, we demonstrated that tumor-derived exosomes are involved in GCLM progression, targeting CD47 inhibits gastric cancer tumorigenesis, and a combination of anti-CD47 antibodies and 5-Fu shows potential for treating GCLM.
Keywords: CD47 expression, gastric cancer liver metastasis, phagocytic activity of Kupffer cells