1. The First School of Clinical Medicine, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310053, China.
2. Department of Nursing, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University (Zhejiang Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine), Hangzhou 310006, China.
#These authors have contributed equally to this work and share first authorship
Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the risk factors for the morbidity and prognosis of lung metastases (LM) in patients with newly diagnosed ovarian cancer (OC), and further explore the important role of marital status.
Materials and methods: Based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) dataset, OC patients from 2010 and 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Logistic regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier method were applied to evaluate the vital factors of incidence and survival outcome in LM population. Cox regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for the prognosis of OC patients with LM. The predictive potential was showed by two established nomograms and examined by the concordance index (C-index), calibration curves, the area under the curve (AUC), decision curve analyses (DCAs) and clinical impact curves (CICs).
Results: There are 25,202 eligible OC patients were enrolled in the study, the morbidity of LM at 5.61%. Multivariable logistic regression models illustrated that chemotherapy (P<0.01), surgical treatment of bilateral or more areas (P<0.01), T stage (P<0.01), N1 stage (P<0.01), bone metastasis (P<0.01), brain metastasis (P<0.01) and liver metastasis (P<0.01) were all significantly connected with LM in OC. Multivariable Cox regression analyses illustrated that unmarried, radiotherapy, elder people and positive cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) were significantly associated with shorter survival time, while chemotherapy made contributions to improve survival. Our study found that marital relationships promoted LM and was associated with the better prognosis, while unmarried patients had the opposite results. With the further development of our research, the cross-action of social, economic and psychological factors together determined the great impact of marital status on the morbidity and prognosis of OC patients combined with LM. Finally, the stability of the models was proved by internal verification.
Conclusion: The population-based cohort study provides references for guiding clinical screening and individualized treatment of OC patients with LM. Under the influence of society and economy, marital status is closely related to the morbidity and prognosis of OC, which can be an important direction to explore the risk of OC lung metastasis in the future.
Keywords: lung metastasis, ovarian cancer, nomogram, SEER