J Cancer 2017; 8(14):2684-2691. doi:10.7150/jca.19691 This issue
1. II ND Department of Gynecology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland;
2. Department of Pathology of Pregnancy, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland;
3. Department of Gynecology and Gynecologic Oncology, Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, Poland.
Borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) represent an independent group among ovarian malignancies, being diagnosed at clinical stage earlier than invasive ovarian carcinomas (OCs) and characterized by a rather favorable outcome after careful surgical management. Data published worldwide showed a substantial discordance of p53 expression in BOTs. The purpose of this work was to present the current status of knowledge on the significance of TP53 gene and p53 protein product alterations in BOTs. In general, higher p53 expression patterns were reported for ovarian malignancies compared to BOTs. Serous, mucinous, and endometrioid BOTs differ substantially in relation to p53 immunostaining, but data concerning the relationship between the protein's immunoreactivity and other clinico-pathological variables are scarce. Finally, reports published to date support the view that TP53 alterations may not be commonly associated with the borderline phenotype of ovarian tumors but they probably occur during the development of invasive OCs. In light of these uncertainties, the impact of TP53 alterations and p53 expression on overall survival in women affected by BOTs requires further multi-institutional studies in large cohorts of patients.
Keywords: p53, TP53, borderline ovarian tumor, prognosis.