J Cancer 2018; 9(5):880-889. doi:10.7150/jca.20869 This issue

Research Paper

Large Intergenic Non-coding RNA-RoR Inhibits Aerobic Glycolysis of Glioblastoma Cells via Akt Pathway

Yong Li1,2, Zhi-Cheng He1,2, Qing Liu1,2, Kai Zhou1,2, Yu Shi1,2, Xiao-Hong Yao1,2, Xia Zhang1,2, Hsiang-Fu Kung1,2✉, Yi-Fang Ping1,2✉, Xiu-Wu Bian1,2✉

1. Institute of Pathology and Southwest Cancer Center, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University
2. Key Laboratory of Tumor Immunopathology, Ministry of Education of China, Chongqing 400038, China

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Li Y, He ZC, Liu Q, Zhou K, Shi Y, Yao XH, Zhang X, Kung HF, Ping YF, Bian XW. Large Intergenic Non-coding RNA-RoR Inhibits Aerobic Glycolysis of Glioblastoma Cells via Akt Pathway. J Cancer 2018; 9(5):880-889. doi:10.7150/jca.20869. Available from https://www.jcancer.org/v09p0880.htm

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Reprogramming energy metabolism is a hallmark of malignant tumors, including glioblastoma (GBM). Aerobic glycolysis is often utilized by tumor cells to maintain survival and proliferation. However, the underlying mechanisms of aerobic glycolysis in GBM remain elusive. Herein, we demonstrated that large intergenic non-coding RNA-RoR (LincRNA-RoR) functioned as a critical suppressor to inhibit the aerobic glycolysis and viability of GBM cells. We found that LincRNA-RoR was markedly reduced in GBM tissues compared with adjacent non-tumor tissues from 10 cases of GBM patients. Consistently, LincRNA-RoR expression in GBM cells was significantly lower than that in normal glial cells. The aerobic glycolysis of GBM cells, as determined by the measurement of glucose uptake and lactate production, was impaired by LincRNA-RoR overexpression. Mechanistically, LincRNA-RoR inhibited the expression of Rictor, the key component of mTORC2 (mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2), to suppress the activity of Akt pathway and impair the expression of glycolytic effectors, including Glut1, HK2, PKM2 and LDHA. Finally, enforced expression of LincRNA-RoR reduced the proliferation of GBM cells in vitro, restrained tumor growth in vivo, and repressed the expression of glycolytic molecules in GBM xenografts. Collectively, our results underscore LincRNA-RoR as a new suppressor of GBM aerobic glycolysis with therapeutic potential.

Keywords: Glioblastoma, Glycolysis, LincRNA-RoR, Proliferation