J Cancer 2018; 9(16):2895-2909. doi:10.7150/jca.24749 This issue
Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China
Background: Accumulating studies have demonstrated that the expression of leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains protein1 (LRIG1) is associated with various types of tumors. However, the conclusions of previous studies are not completely consistent. Thus, we conducted this meta-analysis to further explore the authentic value of LRIG1 in cancer outcome and clinical significance.
Methods: We systematically searched electronic databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang database. The hazard ratios (HRs), odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for effect measures.
Results: 16 qualified studies involving 2043 patients with cancer were enrolled. High LRIG1 expression was associated with a good prognosis in malignant tumors (HR: 0.49, 95% CI=0.39-0.59). Furthermore, positive expression rate of LRIG1 was distinctly lower in cancer tissues than that in normal tissues (OR: 0.09, 95% CI=0.05-0.17). Positive LRIG1 expression was definitely related with smaller tumor size (OR: 1.64, 95% CI=1.11-2.42), early tumor stage (OR: 3.67, 95% CI=1.87-7.21), well degree of differentiation (OR: 4.35, 95% CI=2.12-8.93) and negative recurrence (OR: 0.29, 95% CI=0.16-0.53).
Conclusions: LRIG1 expression was associated with a good prognosis in terms of overall survival (OS) and might act as a predictive factor for characteristics of cancer patients.
Keywords: leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains protein1, tumor, meta-analysis