J Cancer 2019; 10(1):131-137. doi:10.7150/jca.28216 This issue
Department of General Surgery, the First People's Hospital of Neijiang, Neijiang 641000, Sichuan Province, P. R. China.
Background: PDZ-binding kinase/T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase (PBK/TOPK) plays a critical role in tumorigenesis and cancer progression. However, the prognostic roles in cancer patients are inconsistent or even controversial. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the prognostic value of PBK/TOPK in cancers.
Methods: Literature search was performed using several online databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar, National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang) for eligible articles published up to May 1, 2018. The relationship between PBK/TOPK expression and prognosis in cancers was investigated by using pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) through STATA 12.0 software.
Results: Totally 20 eligible studies were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled results showed that carriers with high protein expression of PBK/TOPK were significantly associated with poor OS (HR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.33-2.04) in various cancers, and patients with increased PBK/TOPK protein expression were significantly correlated with inferior RFS (HR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.02-2.24) and short DFS (HR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.16-2.23).
Conclusions: The findings suggest that PBK/TOPK protein expression might serve as a prognostic tumor marker in cancers.
Keywords: PBK/TOPK, solid tumor, prognosis, meta-analysis