J Cancer 2019; 10(23):5754-5763. doi:10.7150/jca.30067 This issue

Research Paper

Clinicopathologic Features and Prognostic Implications of Golgi Phosphoprotein 3 in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: A Meta-analysis

Wenhua Shi, Wei Feng, Jian Wang, Cui Zhai, Qianqian Zhang, Qingting Wang, Yang Song, Xin Yan, Limin Chai, Pengtao Liu, Yuqian Chen, Cong Li, Manxiang Li

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
Shi W, Feng W, Wang J, Zhai C, Zhang Q, Wang Q, Song Y, Yan X, Chai L, Liu P, Chen Y, Li C, Li M. Clinicopathologic Features and Prognostic Implications of Golgi Phosphoprotein 3 in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: A Meta-analysis. J Cancer 2019; 10(23):5754-5763. doi:10.7150/jca.30067. Available from https://www.jcancer.org/v10p5754.htm

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Background: A number of studies have investigated the role of Golgi phosphoprotein-3 (GOLPH3) in the pathogenesis and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the results of previous studies are heterogeneous and controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to clarify its association with the clinicopathological characteristics of patients and evaluate the prognostic significance of GOLPH3 in NSCLC.

Methods: A systematic search was conducted through PMC, PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang database. The odds ratio (OR) and hazard ratio (HR) with 95 % CI were calculated by STATA 12.0.

Results: 8 qualified studies with a total of 1001 patients with NSCLC were included. Pooled results showed that GOLPH3 was highly expressed in tumor tissues compared with adjacent lung tissues (OR, 7.55), and overexpression of GOLPH3 was significantly correlated with advanced clinical stage (OR, 3.42), poor differentiation of tumor (OR, 1.97) and positive lymph node metastasis (OR, 2.58), but no association with histological type, gender, age or tumor size was found in NSCLC patients. In addition, the pooled HR for overall survival was 1.79 by univariate analysis and 1.91 by multivariate analysis. The pooled HR for progression-free survival was 2.50.

Conclusions: GOLPH3 could be a risk factor for progression of NSCLC and might act as a potential prognostic biomarker for NSCLC patients.

Keywords: GOLPH3, non-small cell lung cancer, biomarker, prognosis, meta-analysis