J Cancer 2020; 11(16):4716-4723. doi:10.7150/jca.45369 This issue

Research Paper

Chronic Periodontal Disease increases risk for Prostate Cancer in Elderly individuals in South Korea: a Retrospective Nationwide Population-based Cohort Study

Do-hyung Kim, Seong-Nyum Jeong, Jae-Hong Lee

Department of Periodontology, Daejeon Dental Hospital, Institute of Wonkwang Dental Research, Wonkwang University College of Dentistry, Daejeon, Korea.

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Citation:
Kim Dh, Jeong SN, Lee JH. Chronic Periodontal Disease increases risk for Prostate Cancer in Elderly individuals in South Korea: a Retrospective Nationwide Population-based Cohort Study. J Cancer 2020; 11(16):4716-4723. doi:10.7150/jca.45369. Available from https://www.jcancer.org/v11p4716.htm

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Abstract

Objectives: The association between prostate cancer (PC) and chronic periodontal disease (PD) has been evaluated in previous studies, but results have been inconsistent. This study aimed to determine whether the presence of chronic PD in old age increases the risk of PC using data in the large-scale elderly cohort.

Materials and Methods: This nationwide population-based cohort study examined data of 121,240 South Korean individuals aged ≥ 60 years from the National Health Insurance Service-Elderly Cohort database who completed a national program between 2002 and 2015. For a maximum 10 years' observation period, patients with incident PC with chronic PD compared with those without chronic PD were retrospectively tracked, and Cox proportional hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated, adjusted for potential confounding factors, including age, household income, insurance status, Charlson Comorbidity Index, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebral infarction, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, prostatitis, smoking status, daily smoking, alcohol intake habits, one-time alcohol intake, and regular exercise.

Results: The overall incidence of PC with chronic PD in 10 years was 3.0% (n = 2,063). In the multivariate Cox analysis with adjustment for confounding factors, chronic PD was associated with a 24% higher risk of PC (95% CI = 1.16-1.32, P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Our results suggest that chronic PD is significantly and positively associated with PC. Larger and better-controlled studies are needed to strengthen this evidence of association and explain the underlying biological mechanisms.

Keywords: Cohort studies, periodontal disease, periodontitis, prostate cancer, risk factors