J Cancer 2020; 11(18):5424-5431. doi:10.7150/jca.46308 This issue

Review

A brief review concerning Chimeric Antigen Receptors T cell therapy

Ling-Lin Li1,2,3#, Hong-Ling Yuan2#, Yu-Qiong Yang3#, Lin Wang1✉, Ren-Chao Zou1✉

1. Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, 650101, Yunnan, China.
2. Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650032, Yunnan, China.
3. Department of Nephrology, The Third People's Hospital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, Yunnan, P.R. China.
#These authors equally contributed to this article as co-first authors.

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Citation:
Li LL, Yuan HL, Yang YQ, Wang L, Zou RC. A brief review concerning Chimeric Antigen Receptors T cell therapy. J Cancer 2020; 11(18):5424-5431. doi:10.7150/jca.46308. Available from https://www.jcancer.org/v11p5424.htm

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Abstract

The understanding concerning the function of immune system in cancer has achieved considerable advance with time passes by. Manipulating genetically engineered immune cells were investigated as a novel strategy for treating cancer. Chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) are recombinant protein molecules by merging the exquisite targeting the potent cytotoxicity of T cells and specificity of monoclonal antibodies and, which could trigger serial cascades of signal transduction and thereby activate T cells to directly destroy the tumor cells. Manufacturing CAR-modified T lymphocytes were successfully implemented in treating cancer derived from they could specifically retarget tumor-associated antigens, causing effective elimination of tumor cells, which spurred the optimization and development of new CAR-T cell technology. The advancement of synthetic biology methodologies of cell therapy in CAR-T would ultimately provide us with a much safer, reliable and efficient modality to against cancer. This review primarily described the emergence, development and application of cell therapy in CAR-T, then discuss the side effects and the potential factors of tumor reccurrence caused by CAR-T cell therapy, in addition to the corresponding countermeasure concerning complications.

Keywords: Chimeric antigen receptors, Cancer, Complication, Relapse