J Cancer 2020; 11(23):6782-6789. doi:10.7150/jca.47090 This issue
1. Department of Radiation Oncology, Affiliated Cancer Hospital & Institute of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangdong, P. R. China.
2. Department of Radiation Oncology, Guangzhou Concord Cancer Center, Guangdong, P. R. China.
*Contributed equally as co-first authors.
Aims: This study aimed to investigate the clinical value of induction chemotherapy (IC) with docetaxel, 5-fluorouracil plus nedaplatin followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with nedaplatin for locoregional advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).
Materials and Methods: In total, 269 patients diagnosed with locoregional advanced NPC between June 2012 and June 2017 were retrospectively included and divided into two groups: IC (docetaxel plus nedaplatin and 5-fluorouracil) followed by nedaplatin-based CCRT (TNF + N group, n = 146) and IC (docetaxel plus cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil) followed by cisplatin-based CCRT (TPF + P group, n = 123). The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model were applied to analyse survival and prognosis. After propensity score-matched (PSM), 113 patients remained in each group. Toxicities were compared between the two groups using the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test.
Results: The overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and locoregional relapse-free survival (LRRFS) rates of the TNF + N and TPF + P groups were 90.7% vs. 92.3% (P = 0.315), 78.9% vs. 79.4% (P = 0.715), 82.4% vs. 85.1% (P = 0.441) and 96.1% vs. 93.3% (P = 0.414), respectively, with no significant difference in 3-year survival outcome between the two groups, and this outcome was confirmed after using PSM analyses. In the PSM cohort, a significant higher frequency of grade 3/4 vomiting was observed in the TPF + P group compared to the TNF + N group (22.1% vs. 0%, P = 0.000). However, 15.9% of patients in the TNF + N group had grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia in comparison with 6.2% in the TPF + P group (P = 0.020).
Conclusions: The TNF regimen followed by CCRT with nedaplatin is an alternative treatment strategy to the standard TPF regimen followed by CCRT with cisplatin for patients with locoregional advanced NPC.
Keywords: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induction chemotherapy, efficacy, toxicity, nedaplatin