J Cancer 2021; 12(4):1011-1022. doi:10.7150/jca.48310 This issue
1. Blood Diseases Institute, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China.
2. Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China.
3. Key Laboratory of Bone Marrow Stem Cell, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China.
4. Department of Hematology, Luoyang Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University, Luoyang, Henan, China.
*Equal contributors to this work.
Despite advancement in the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), many patients tend to relapse or become refractory after initial therapy. Therefore, it is essential to identify novel therapeutic targets and drugs, understand the molecular pathogenesis mechanism of DLBCL, and find ways to prevent and treat relapsed or refractory DLBCL. BIX-01294 is a small molecule compound that specifically inhibits EHMT2 activity. In this study, we demonstrate that BIX-01294 triggered the inhibition of human DLBCL cell proliferation, lead to G1 phase arrest via increasing P21 level and reducing cyclin E level. BIX-01294 also induced apoptosis via endogenous and exogenous apoptotic pathways. Moreover, BIX-01294 triggered autophagy and activated ER stress in human DLBCL cells. Furthermore, we showed that both key components of ER stress, ATF3, and ATF4, are required for BIX-01294-induced apoptosis and autophagy. Hence, this study provides new evidence that EHMT2 may be a new therapeutic target, and BIX-01294 may be a potential therapeutic drug for treating DLBCL.
Keywords: apoptosis, autophagy, BIX-01294, diffuse large B cell lymphoma, endoplasmic reticulum stress