J Cancer 2021; 12(4):1179-1189. doi:10.7150/jca.52123 This issue

Research Paper

Decision-making of adjuvant therapy in pT1N1M0 gastric cancer: Should radiotherapy be added to chemotherapy? A propensity score-matched analysis

Siwei Pan1,2, Songcheng Yin3, Zhi Zhu1,2, Funan Liu1,2, Huimian Xu1,2✉

1. Department of Surgical Oncology, the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.
2. Department of Surgical Oncology and General Surgery, Key Laboratory of Precision Diagnosis and Treatment of Gastrointestinal Tumors, Ministry of Education, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.
3. Center for Digestive Disease, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen, China.

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Citation:
Pan S, Yin S, Zhu Z, Liu F, Xu H. Decision-making of adjuvant therapy in pT1N1M0 gastric cancer: Should radiotherapy be added to chemotherapy? A propensity score-matched analysis. J Cancer 2021; 12(4):1179-1189. doi:10.7150/jca.52123. Available from https://www.jcancer.org/v12p1179.htm

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Abstract

Background: Early gastric cancer (EGC) with metastatic lymph nodes (mLNs) has a relatively higher recurrence rate and poorer prognosis than EGC without mLNs. However, the postoperative treatment directions of pT1N1M0 vary from different guidelines. This study attempted to confirm the value of postoperative treatments in pT1N1M0 GC patients.

Methods: Overall, 379 patients with pT1N1M0 GC following gastrectomy from 2000 to 2016 were selected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis was used to reduce bias. Overall survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to confirm the independent prognostic factors.

Results: Before matching, the results of survival analyses indicated that adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) and chemoradiotherapy (ACRT) could significantly prolong the survival time of the cohort (P < 0.05). After PSM analysis, 136 patients remained and ACRT maintained significance in the survival analysis (P = 0.018). Furthermore, patients with well or moderately differentiated GC (HR = 0.226, P =0.018) or intestinal type GC (HR = 0.380, P = 0.040) achieved a significantly superior prognosis with ACRT, compared to patients receiving ACT.

Conclusion: The survival benefit of ACRT and ACT for pT1N1M0 GC patients following gastrectomy was confirmed in the SEER cohort. RT added to ACT might be recommended according to Lauren's classification and tumor grade in clinical decision making.

Keywords: early gastric cancer, lymph node metastasis, adjuvant therapy, radiotherapy, propensity score-matched analysis