J Cancer 2021; 12(17):5181-5192. doi:10.7150/jca.52909 This issue
1. Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center, Hubei Key Laboratory of Tumor Biological Behaviors, Zhongnan Hospital, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.
2. Department of Radiation Oncology and Medical Oncology, Zhongnan Hospital, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.
*These authors contributed equally to this work.
Introduction: Aberrations in cell cycle control is defined as one of the hallmarks of cancer, while cyclin D1 is an essential protein to cell cycle which promote G1 phase into S phase, and frequently overexpressed in many human cancers. However, new functions have been identified in transgenic mice models, including the transcription of genome, the development of chromosome instability and DNA repair. In this research, our aim is to find the function of cyclin D1 in transcription in human cancers.
Methods: The correlation of the cyclin D1 expression levels and prognosis of cervical cancer patients were analyzed in tissue microarray (TMA) cohort. We chose C33A as our main research object. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) coupled with RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), to find out the genes differentially expressed in C33A, cyclin D1 knock-in C33A and cyclin D1 knock-down C33A.
Results: We found that upregulation of cyclin D1 was associated with shorter overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Functionally, we identified 422 genes differentially expressed through analysis of the results of ChIP-seq and RNA-seq. These genes are highly enriched in Gene Ontology categories and involve in diverse cellular functions via KEGG classification, including replication and repair, signal transduction, cell growth and death.
Conclusion: These findings suggested that the expression of cyclin D1 was associated with the prognosis of patients with cervical cancer. Cyclin D1 can serve both to activate and downregulate gene expression as a transcriptional role directly binding with genome DNA, which means that cyclin D1 may be a key protein during oncogenesis and tumor development.
Keywords: Cyclin D1, Prognosis, Transcriptional role, ChIP-seq, RNA-seq