J Cancer 2021; 12(18):5404-5412. doi:10.7150/jca.57880

Review

WFDC Protein: A Promising Diagnosis Biomarker of Ovarian Cancer

Chen Zhang1#, Haoyue Hu2#, Xiaoyan Wang1, Yajuan Zhu1✉, Ming Jiang3✉

1. State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China
2. Lung Cancer Center, Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China
3. West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China
#: These authors contributed equally.

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Citation:
Zhang C, Hu H, Wang X, Zhu Y, Jiang M. WFDC Protein: A Promising Diagnosis Biomarker of Ovarian Cancer. J Cancer 2021; 12(18):5404-5412. doi:10.7150/jca.57880. Available from https://www.jcancer.org/v12p5404.htm

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Abstract

An initial diagnosis of cancer is usually based on symptoms, abnormal physical examination and imaging tests. Ovarian cancer is difficult to be diagnosed timely due to the nonspecific symptoms, thus resulting in the high-risk mortality. Despite of the various diagnostic methods, there is still no reliable diagnostic test. Clinically, carbohydrate antigen 125(CA125) is widely recognized as a diagnosis biomarker of ovary cancer. However, CA125 is not sensitive to detect the ovary cancer at the early stage. It is essential to explore other potential biomarkers. Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) in the whey/four-disulfide core (WFDC) proteins family shows satisfactory sensitivity in the early diagnosis of ovary cancer. In this present review, we summarized the important effects of WFDC family proteins on the proliferation, apoptosis and migration of ovary cancer and intended to provide more evidence to explore the possibility of WFDC protein as a diagnosis biomarker.