Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, P.R. China.
Objective: To explore the prognostic value of preoperative albumin to alkaline phosphatase ratio (AAPR) in patients with newly-diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM) and its association with clinical characteristics.
Patients and methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out on patients with newly diagnosed GBM who had undergone operation at the Department of Neurosurgery at West China Hospital between June 1st 2016 to December 31st 2018. X-tile software was applied to determine the optimal cut-off values for AAPR, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and albumin. Cox regression analyses were applied to evaluate the prognostic value of AAPR in GBM. PSM analysis was conducted to verify the results.
Results: A total of 197 and 154 GBM patients were included in original cohort and PSM cohort respectively. The optimal cut-off value for AAPR, NLR, and albumin were 0.56, 4.55 and 42.2 g/L respectively. High AAPR was only significantly related to longer overall survival (OS) (p=0.010) in original cohort. In PSM cohort, no clinical variable was evidently related to the level of AAPR. AAPR was determined to be an independent prognostic indicator in both original cohort (HR=0.599, 95%CI 0.437-0.822, p=0.001) and PSM cohort (HR=0.649, 95%CI 0.459-0.918, p=0.015). Prognostic models including AAPR had better prognostic accuracy than that including albumin.
Conclusion: Preoperative AAPR was determined to be an independent risk factor of prognosis in newly-diagnosed GBM patients, and its prognostic ability was stronger than albumin. And PSM analysis also validated the results.
Keywords: Albumin to alkaline phosphatase ratio, glioblastoma, prognosis, propensity score matching