J Cancer 2022; 13(6):1905-1913. doi:10.7150/jca.69873 This issue

Research Paper

Differences in community structure of gastrointestinal tract between Helicobacter pylori positive patients and negative patients with gastric cancer

Jianing Ding1,2, Yan-gao Man3✉, Xiaorong Deng1✉, Tingtao Chen1,4✉

1. Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, PR China.
2. Queen Mary School, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330031, P.R. China, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, PR China.
3. Department of Pathology, Hackensack University Medical Center, 30 Prospec Avenue, Hackensack, NJ 07601, USA.
4. National Engineering Research Center for Bioengineering Drugs and the Technologies, Institute of Translational Medicine, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, PR China.

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Citation:
Ding J, Man Yg, Deng X, Chen T. Differences in community structure of gastrointestinal tract between Helicobacter pylori positive patients and negative patients with gastric cancer. J Cancer 2022; 13(6):1905-1913. doi:10.7150/jca.69873. Available from https://www.jcancer.org/v13p1905.htm

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Abstract

Graphic abstract

Gastric cancer is one of the most severe cancers, while the relationship between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and gastric cancer are still in dispute, and little work has been done to explore the microbial diversity between H. pylori positive patients and negative patients. In the present work, a total of 43 gastric cancer patients and 10 healthy 53 participants were enrolled to compare the microbial differences in community structure in gastrointestinal tract between H. pylori positive patients and negative patients with gastric cancer. Our results indicated that the abundance and diversity of gastrointestinal microbiota was slight lower in gastric cancer patients than that in healthy participants especially in intestine, while the abundance of some potential pathogens, e.g. Streptococcus, Lactobacillus, Akkermansia and Halomones were higher in H. pylori positive patients than H. pylori negative patients. Therefore, our work suggests the various microbial diversity between H. pylori positive patients and H. pylori negative patients with gastric cancer, which contribute to deepen the understanding of the role of H. pylori in gastric carcinogenesis and progression.

Keywords: H. pylori, gastric cancer, gastrointestinal microbiota, gastrointestinal microbiota disorder