1. Department of General Surgery, Suzhou Wuzhong People's Hospital, Suzhou 215128, Jiangsu, China.
2. Department of Gastroenterology, Suzhou Wuzhong People's Hospital, Suzhou 215128, Jiangsu, China.
#These authors contributed equally to this work.
Abstract: Enhanced aerobic glycolysis has been one of the cancer hallmarks. Cancerous cells develop certain alterations during glucose metabolism for supporting their infinite growth requirement and metastasis. Therefore, targeting metabolism, for instance, crucial glycolytic enzymes, will provide a novel therapeutic strategy to treat cancer. Aldolase B (ALDOB), as a glycolytic enzyme, plays a contentious role in cancers and can either act against the tumor or as an oncogenic enzyme. The precise role of ALDOB in gastric cancer (GC) and the endogenous process is elusive and needs further exploration. This investigation revealed that ALDOB expression was markedly decreased in GC tissues. Furthermore, ALDOB inhibition was notably linked with tumor size, depth of tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis (LNM), tumor node metastases (TNM) staging, and substandard prognosis of GC. The assessment of loss- and gain-of-function indicated that ALDOB inhibited the growth and the migrative ability of GC cells, suggesting its anti-tumor role. Mechanistic studies revealed that ALDOB modulates the AKT signaling pathway. The increase in growth and cells' ability to migrate stimulated by ALDOB inhibition was partially impaired in cells under the influence of AKT inhibitors. The overall data highlights a novel target, the ALDOB/AKT signaling axis for the treatment of GC.
Keywords: Gastric cancer, ALDOB, proliferation, AKT, migration.