1. Department of Clinical Laboratory, Wuxi Huishan District People's Hospital, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, 214000, China.
2. College of Basic Medicine, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning province 110000, China.
3. Department of Ultrasound, Wuxi No.2 People's Hospital; Jiangnan University Medical Center, Affiliated Wuxi Clinical College of Nantong University, Wuxi, Jiangsu province 214002, China.
4. Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Affiliated Suqian First People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Suqian, Jiangsu, 223800, China.
* First authors: Zhou Zhang and Pengli Zhou.
Esophageal, gastric, liver, and colorectal cancers represent four prevalent gastrointestinal cancers that pose substantial threats to global health due to their high morbidity and mortality rates. Peroxiredoxin 1 (PRDX1), a significant component of the PRDXs family, primarily functions to counteract the peroxides produced by metabolic activities in the body, thereby maintaining the dynamic equilibrium of peroxides in vivo. Intriguingly, PRDX1 expression correlates strongly with cancer's onset, progression, and prognosis. This study mainly applied bioinformatics methods to analyze PRDX1's expression, diagnosis, and prognosis in gastrointestinal cancers and to summarize current research advancements. Evidence from the bioinformatics database suggested that the high expression of PRDX1 was a prominent characteristic of these four gastrointestinal cancers, with this observation reaching statistical significance. The high expression of PRDX1 in gastrointestinal cancer cells also confirms this result. Notably, the primary alteration in PRDX1 within these cancers is the presence of genetic mutations. PRDX1 demonstrated the highest diagnostic efficacy for colorectal cancer. Nevertheless, elevated PRDX1 levels only significantly diminished the survival time of liver cancer patients, exerting no statistically significant impact on the survival duration of patients afflicted by the other three types of gastrointestinal cancers. Recent research has indicated variability in PRDX1 expression across different cancer types, with high expression being predominantly observed in these four gastrointestinal cancers and, in most instances, unfavorable prognosis. These findings broadly align with the results derived from bioinformatics. This research underscores the high expression of PRDX1 in gastrointestinal cancers, its relevance to the diagnosis and prognosis monitoring of these cancers, and its potential to guide clinical treatment for these cancers.
Keywords: PRDX1, gastrointestinal cancers, expression, prognosis.