J Cancer 2021; 12(18):5674-5680. doi:10.7150/jca.61327 This issue
Department of Gynecology, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, NO.1 East Jianshe Road, Erqi District, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450052 P.R. China
#These authors contributed equally to this study and share first authroship
Objective: The present study aimed to explore the expressions of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) p53 upregulated regulator of p53 levels (PURPL) in different ovarian tissues, and to evaluate the significance of disregulations of PURPL and microRNA-338-3p (miR-338-3p) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).
Methods: The expressions of PURPL in ovarian cancer, the relations between PURPL and the prognosis of ovarian cancer, and the relation between PURPL and miR-338-3p were queried in multiple biomedical databases. Real-time PCR was performed to detect the expressions of PURPL in different ovarian tissues. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of recurrence and death. Kaplan-Meier analysis was implemented to evaluate the relations between PURPL and miR-338-3p expressions and the survival of ovarian cancer.
Results: PURPL could target miR-338-3p, PURPL were upregulated in ovarian cancer tissues, upregulation of PURPL in ovarian cancer was negatively related with the recurrence free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS), which were indicated by biomedical databases query. Our data showed upregulations of PURPL were noted in ovarian cancer tissues. Higher expressions of PURPL were associated with more advanced FIGO stage and developed lymph node metastasis in epithelial ovarian cancer. Upregulation of PURPL was related with the recurrence (P=0.002, OR=21.482, 95%CI: 3.457~94.251) and death (P=0.004, OR=35.643, 95%CI: 2.453~84.359) of ovarian cancer patient. PURPL expressions were negatively correlated to miR-338-3p expressions in different ovarian tissues (r = -0.968, P<0.0001). Poor RFS (χ2=19.410, P=0.0002) and OS (χ2=17.600, P=0.0005) were found in patients with high level PURPL and low level miR-338-3p expressions.
Conclusions: Upregulation of PURPL and downregulation of miR-338-3p were related with the poor RFS and OS of ovarian cancer, which indicated disregulations of PURPL and miR-338-3p could serve as prognosis biomarkers for epithelial ovarian cancer.
Keywords: biomedical database, epithelial ovarian cancer, PURPL, miR-338-3p, prognosis